The Gemäldegalerie houses the Prussian state collection of painting from the 13th to the 18th centuries. It is regarded as one of the world's most important collections of European paintings, with works from various periods of art history by the likes of Albrecht Dürer, Jan van Eyck, Rembrandt, and Vermeer.
The Hilmer and Sattler architecture office won the tender in 1986 to design and build this new art gallery at what was then the eastern edge of West Berlin along the Berlin Wall. The museum opened to the public in 1998.
It currently houses more than 3,500 paintings, including long-term loans. The history of the collection reflects the political events of the last 200 years.